The central nervous system (CNS) controls most functions of the body and mind. It consists of two parts: the brain and the spinal cord.
Cervical vertebrae is part of the spinal cord. The spinal cord is the highway for communication between the body and the brain.
There are 33 segments of the spinal cord. These spine segments are composed of 7 Cervical, 12 Thoracic, 5 Lumber, 5 Sacral, and 4 coccygeal. Each of these nerves relays sensation (including pain) from a particular region of the skin to the brain.
The significant of spinal cord segments
C3, 4 and 5 supply the diaphragm (the large muscle between the chest and the belly that we use to breath).
C5 also supplies the shoulder muscles and the muscle that we us to bend our elbow.
C6 for bending the wrist back.
C7 is for straightening the elbow and to bend the finger.
T1 spreads the finger.
T2 –T12 supplies the chest wall and abdominal muscles.
L2 bends the hip.
L3 straightens the knee.
L4 pulls the foot up.
L5 wiggles the toe.
S1 pulls the foot down.
S3, 4 and 5 supply the bladder, bowel and sex organs, the anal and other pelvic muscles.
The cervical spine is made up of 7 vertebrae. The first 2, C1 and C2, are highly specialized and are given unique names: atlas and axis, respectively.
The 7 cervical vertebrae are referred to as C1-7. It functions to provide mobility and stability to the head while connecting it to the relatively immobile thoracic spine. The cervical spine may be divided into 2 parts: upper cervical (c1 & c2) and lower cervical (c3 -c7).
Care of the vertebrae
Injuries to the cervical vertebrae may result to Paralysis as it can also lead to death. Cervical vertebrae problems include degenerative changes which are bony projections that form along joints and can limit the joint’s range of motion, as well as causing pain or discomfort.
Another thing than can cause issue for the vertebrae is sudden movements of the neck as it can produce damage to the underlying tissues because these bones are smaller than the other vertebrae and are responsible for supporting the heavy weight of the head.
Causes of vertebrae Injuries
Severe atherosclerosis, inflammation of blood vessels, and blood clots can cause blockage of artery carrying blood to the spinal cord and this prevents the cord from getting blood and thus oxygen. As a result, tissues can die (called infarction).
Prevention and treatment of the vertebrae
- Hijama (Cupping Therapy) is one of the natural therapies through which you can prevent your vertebrae Injuries and manage it stability. Cupping Therapy removes blood clots, and blood statis hence allowing blood flow
- Bee Venom Therapy is also good for it has anti inflammatory effects.
- Herbal remedies. There are herbs that fight inflammation these include cinnamon, ginger, basil etc
There are some other Herbal concoctions that help strengthen your immune system, reduce inflammation, and keep your spine and your body healthy.
• We use our knowledge of the myotomes and basic knowledge of acupuncture to supply you the alternative cupping points.
• Cupping points for a particular pain is directly on the skin area where the pain is. That is, air cup will be placed directly on the spot for suctioning.
• Cupping points for any ailment other than pain, are selected based on the locations of the spines that control it or by identifying the origin of the ailment.